Microbiology and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Wound Cultures of Burn Patients

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Author(s): Junaid Ahmad,1 Shamila Ashraf,2 Kamran Khalid3

Received: 13/07/2023 | Published: 31/10/2023 | Pages: 57-61 |

Background: Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns play an important part in the management of burn wound infections, a common cause of morbidity & mortality. We evaluated the antibiogram of burn wounds at Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Lahore, Pakistan which is one of largest burn centers in the country.

Methodology: Retrospective observational study of burn patients. Our study included all kinds of burns and all admitted patients with all ages, total burn surface area 01-80%. Wound cultures and sensitivity done on wounds swabs by culture and disc diffusion methods.

Results: There were 1774 cases included in this study. The most common organism isolated in this study was Pseudomonas species, followed by Acinetobacter species, Klebsiela. Colistin showed best sensitivity against gram negative bacteria isolated in this study. Other antibiotics discs used were Imipenem, Meropenem, Doxycycline, Ciprofloxacine, Levofloxacine, and others

Conclusion: Pseudomonas species is the most common organism found in cultures of burn wounds and Colistin shows best sensitivity results against all bacteria found in our reports including Klebsiella and, Acinetobacter species.

Keywords: Antibiogram, Acinetobacter, burn wounds, burn center, wound culture.